Human Health Science
Nickel is a naturally-occurring metal, the 24th most abundant element in the periodic table. Nickel occurs in air, water, sediments, and soil, as a result of a variety of natural sources and anthropogenic processes. This means that humans can be exposed to nickel substances in everyday situations, not just in specific workplaces where nickel substances are made or used. The risk that nickel poses to humans depends on the type of nickel substance, how people are exposed and to what levels, and the toxicity effects of concern, such as inhalation carcinogenicity or dermatitis.
If you want more information on nickel and human health, NiPERA Inc. has produced two fact sheets on Nickel Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Nickel & Nickel Compounds Carcinogenicity as part of a forthcoming series of Nickel and Human Health Fact Sheets. These are designed to communicate the concepts and current state of knowledge on particular human health issues to industry, regulatory authorities, and the wider public. The fact sheets will help the interested reader understand the diverse and often complex issues involved in assessing human health risk by summarizing the key technical information.