Properties of nickel

Nickel is a naturally occurring, lustrous, silvery-white metallic element.


Chemical symbol: Ni
Atomic number: 28
Atomic weight: 58.69
Melting point: 1453 oC
Boiling point: 2730 oC
Density: 8.90 g/cm3 at 25 oC
Curie temperature: 253 oC

About 69% of the nickel which is produced is used to manufacture stainless steels. Another 15% is used in other steel and non-ferrous alloys - often for highly specialized industrial, aerospace and military applications. About 8% is used in plating and another 3% in foundries and castings. About 3% of nickel is used in batteries for electronics, and in batteries for portable equipment and hybrid cars and roughly 2% goes into uses such as chemicals, catalysts and dyes.

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